If you read this blog regularly, have watched some of the Upright Health youtube videos, or have ever talked to me for longer than 5 minutes, you know that I’m not a huge fan of sitting for long periods (and also that I’m extremely limited on conversation topics).
Sitting for prolonged periods trains your body to get really good at one thing: sitting.
The longer you train to sit, the easier it gets to sit. The easier it is to sit, the harder it gets to stand up and walk properly.
Sitting gets harder as you get older
When you’re younger, this doesn’t seem to be nearly as big an issue. Your physical activity levels as a kid or teenager are generally much higher and your body’s general ability to adapt to physical demands is just plain better.
As you get older and sit in a chair for 8-18 hours a day, 5 days a week, the muscles that control your hip joints get better and better at sitting, and your body’s ability to just “roll with it” is not as good.
The obvious question, then, is “can you do anything to combat it even as you age?” And the answer is yes.
Why does sitting for long periods make it so hard to stand up?
The sitting position is one that places your hip joints in “flexion” (i.e. knees come closer to your chest).
The standing position requires hip extension (i.e. knees further from chest).
Unfortunately, sitting squashes the life out of muscles that help give you hip extension and functionally “shortens” the muscles that give you hip flexion (they aren’t physically shorter but won’t be able to give you a full functional range motion — making them seem “short”). You now have hip extensors that have been squashed to death on the back of your hips. On the front of your hips, your hip flexors are locked into shortened positions.
You are literally locked in place.
In order to combat this situation, you need to “lengthen” the flexors and activate the extensors.
For office workers, this is not exactly an easy task, as you often can’t do a full body workout in your cubicle without someone raising an eyebrow or two, and you’re often pressed for time to get back to work, even if your hips aren’t that happy.
So what follows is a simple routine you can do at work to help restore/maintain a little balance in your hip muscles so you can keep making it through the work day.
Quick stretches you can do to unlock your hips
1) Standing quad stretch (30 sec – 1 min.)
Option 1: Stand on one foot and bend the other leg back and grab the foot or ankle with your hand (use something to help you balance if necessary). Keeping your body upright and the thigh of the bent leg lined up with the straight leg, pull the foot toward your butt. Tuck your tail bone down toward the floor to help avoid over-arching your lower back. You should feel a stretch in the thigh.
Option 2: If you cannot grab your foot to do this or you have to bend so far forward that you lose your balance, you can stand with your back to an elevated surface (like a chair or couch arm rest) and put your foot on top of it. Tuck your tail bone down toward the floor to help avoid over-arching your lower back and to begin getting a stretch in your thigh.
2) Standing groin/hip flexor stretch (30 sec. – 1 min.)
Stand with your feet pointing straight forward and hip width apart. To stretch the front of the right hip, take a big step forward with the left foot, leaving the right leg behind. Straighten the right knee. You should feel a stretch at the top of your right thigh near the groin. To get more of a stretch along the sides of your torso and at the TFL, you can raise your right hand up toward the ceiling and lean to your left.
Hold for 30 seconds to a minute, then repeat on the other side. Depending on your body, you may get more stretch with your right heel off the floor or on the floor. You may also get a better stretch by pointing your back foot at an angle out to the side instead of straight forward.
3) Wall quad stretch (1-3 min.)
If you want a REALLY effective stretch for your hips, this one can be a big help. It’s a big step up from the standing quad stretch. If the standing quad stretch doesn’t feel like it’s doing much, this one WILL.
In the video above, you can see how easy it is to get a really good stretch on your quads and hip flexors using a kneeling version and a wall or chair. That’s going to help you really open up some of those wretchedly tight hip muscles. Those anterior hip muscles pull you into a forward hunch that feels almost impossible to overcome if you don’t get them to loosen up.
How often should you do these hip stretches to make standing up easier?
This is going to vary a LOT. And also, you should know that doing these two stretches is unlikely to solve all your aches and pains. But doing them consistently throughout the day will help relieve some of the tightness and stiffness that keeps you from being able to get up out of a chair without that feeling of being 90 years old.
If you’re already tightened up to the point where getting up out of a chair is a struggle, I’d start doing these at least once in the morning, once at lunch, and once in the evening. Make sure you feel the stretches in the right places and that you don’t ever push yourself into injury. The standing hip flexor stretch is one I like doing throughout the day, and I sit about 50-75% as much as most people do.
Basically, if you sit as much as most office workers do, you should be doing these stretches a bunch of times a day.
Stretching alone is not the answer to hip problems from sitting.
Many people think that they can stretch away all problems (using the stretches shown above, for instance).
That’s simply not the case.
For many desk jockeys, the answer involves strength training. You spend almost 90% of your week sitting on your butt and thigh muscles, allowing all those muscles to atrophy.
Think about what that does over the course of years. Immobilizing your arm for 3 weeks with a cast can result in a shocking amount of muscle loss (if I remember correctly, the number is something like 70 or 80% of your muscle is lost in that 3 week period).
So sometimes you need to learn to move well so that you can restore balance to the muscles of your hips. This story is one example of someone who just needed to build strength to help her own hip problems.
Even if you’ve never lifted weights, you probably should working towards that.
Lifting weights sounds like a silly idea to a lot of people, but it’s often the only thing that will help you build strength in your back side. Tightness in the front of your hips, tightness in the muscles along your spine, and tightness along the sides of your hips can all be a direct result of not getting in enough exercise.
What exercises can you do to build strength?
We’ve talked about this a lot on our YouTube channel in the last couple years. Here are a few videos that you’ll find useful:
The box squat is a great way to start helping you learn to use your butt and leg muscles with proper coordination. Most people have lost the ability to do a full, healthy squat after years of sitting in school and office chairs. Making progress on this exercise can help you reactivate and retrain those muscles.
When doing box squats (or bodyweight squats), you may experience some issues in the hips and knees, so we talk about that possibility in the video above.
Finally there’s this motion. The exercise with the worst name in the world: the deadlift. The deadlift and its variations can be nothing short of spectacular in helping restore comfort, strength, and stability to the hips. This exercise wakes up the hamstrings – muscles that are often so atrophied that people get clicking and popping in the back of the hip joint or down the back of the thigh when they try to stand up.
If that sounds like you, exercises like the deadlift and Romanian deadlift will be great. Just make sure you learn to do them properly and safely. Doing these exercises improperly are a recipe for back, hip, or shoulder strains.
Josh goes over quite a few technique pointers in the video above, so make sure you give it a good look.
Strength and flexibility give you mobility.
Some people are going to need to do a lot more stretching. Some people are going to need to do a lot more strengthening. Some may have to constantly blend things. Don’t assume that because you’re old, young, man, or woman that you need one thing more than the other. You got to test things and constantly monitor your progress to make sure you keep going the right direction!
For many of our clients the road to reducing hip stiffness is a months’ long process. Every individual is unique with unique needs and unique reactions. As you begin sorting things out in your body, be patient and be persistent!